Archeologia e Calcolatori Archeologia e Calcolatori
National Research Council Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico
Dipartimento Scienze Umane e Sociali, Patrimonio Culturale

Journal established by: Mauro Cristofani and Riccardo Francovich
Editor: Paola Moscati

Authors Peto, A. -
Title Burial mounds: detecting ancient surfaces. The method of (semi)quantitative phytolith and biomorph analysis
Volume Archeologia e Calcolatori n. XXI - 2010
In Biró, K.T. (ed), Quantitative Methods for the Challenges in 21st Century Archaeology, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the UISPP 4th Commission (Budapest, Hungarian National Museum, 5-6 June 2009)
Pages pp. 315-324
Publisher Edizioni All'Insegna del Giglio
Subject Statistics
Subject Archaeometry
Abstract The detection of ancient palaeo-surfaces and horizons is feasible with various pedological methods. The aim of the biomorph analysis is to provide data on the properties of ancient surfaces by locating the palaeo-horizons and describing their vegetational patterns. While conducting the kurgan research, we have often faced the problem of the precise description and localisation of palaeo-horizons within the stratigraphy of the formations. The biomorph analysis provides data in palaeoecological research through the examination of "phyto" and "zoo" microremains. The so-called "multiple biomorph analysis" works both with organic (spores, pollen, charcoal, detritus) and mineral (inorganic) (phytoliths, spicules of sponges, diatoms) biogenic microparticles that can be recovered from soil/sediment samples. One aim of the quantitative analysis of these particles is the identification of the biomorph content in the relevant fractions of the cultural layers and genetic soil horizons and the graphical display throughout the examined cross-section. The present paper is aimed at introducing the utilisation of the quantitative biomorph analysis in palaeoecology and environmental archaeology.
Language ENG Type text

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