Archeologia e Calcolatori Archeologia e Calcolatori
National Research Council Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico
Dipartimento Scienze Umane e Sociali, Patrimonio Culturale
Journal

Journal established by: Mauro Cristofani and Riccardo Francovich
Editor: Paola Moscati

Authors Orton, C. -
Title Point pattern analysis revisited
Volume Archeologia e Calcolatori n. XV - 2004
In Moscati P. (ed.), New Frontiers of Archaeological Research. Languages, Communication, Information Technology, Moscati P. (ed.)
Pages pp. 299-315
URL http://www.archcalc.cnr.it/indice/PDF15/18_Orton.pdf
Publisher Edizioni All'Insegna del Giglio
Subject Statistics
Subject Theoretical and methodological problems
Abstract Point pattern analysis has been one of archaeology’s quantitative approaches since at least the 1970s, and has been applied at a range of scales, from the region to the site. Various techniques have been “borrowed” from other disciplines, notably ecology, such as quadrat analysis, nearest-neighbour analysis and kernel density analysis. There have also been “home-grown” techniques such as Local Density Analysis, Presab and Unconstrained Clustering, as well as the use of Cluster Analysis itself. This paper reviews these developments, assessing their strengths and weaknesses. A statistical advance was made in the 1970s with the development of the K function approach. This has become embodied in the ecological statistical software package ADE-4 as the Ripley and Intertype programs. These programs were found in a search for suitable affordable software for teaching spatial analysis at post-graduate level, and have been used in this role for three years, taking as a test-bed the Danish mesolithic site of Barmose I. The outcome of this work is presented as a case study and compared with earlier analyses of this dataset. The value of ADE-4 for archaeological spatial analysis is assessed.
Language ENG Format pdf Type text

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